To achieve stability, Libya needs women and young people.
The Libyan civil war has come to a standstill. Following the establishment of a legal committee to select a new executive capable of serving the Libyan people all over the world, talks seem to have stalled. Power remains concentrated in the hands of a few people after the fall of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, although most Libyans are still suffering from a serious economic and social crisis.They have little access to primary services in many areas, in addition to the widespread shortage of electricity and water.
Despite the international community’s effort to build a government of national unity, social division, racial and religious differences, the vastness of the territory did not permit it to function. The Libyan political scene’s key players continue to follow personal agendas, squandering the Libyan people’s money in senseless military operations and ghost ventures.
The economy of Libya is largely focused on oil production. The income of the industry, including oil revenues, is controlled by the National Oil Company (NOC), the Government of National Accord (GNA), and the Central Bank of Libya (CBL). Both three institutions are in Tripoli. The capital has seen the emergence of various armed groups outside state control starting in 2011.The same thing happened in the western area of Benghazi, which Marshal Khalifa Haftar claims to rule today. These increasingly strong armed militias have taken control of the institutions, keeping the GNA leaders, including Prime Minister Fayez al-Serraj, hostage.
Increasingly strong, these armed militias took charge of the institutions, keeping GNA leaders hostage, including Prime Minister Fayez al-Serraj. On multiple occasions, we have seen a kind of coordination between these armed militias, terrorist organisations and the leadership of the government. The Libyan political elite is able to do anything to preserve its privileges, marked by unscrupulous elements, manipulating the rift of the international community.
In a few years, Libya has gone from being one of the most emancipated countries in the field of women’s rights to a country where women are assassinated in order to achieve silence. The pink quotas are nominal both for the Tripoli government and for the Eastern authorities. And young people were never listened to, but forced aside to fight, or abused. That destroyed the democratic process that the Libyans were hoping for.The United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) recently invited 75 individuals to participate in the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum, 17 of whom were women (LPDF). The dialogue began on a virtual basis on Monday 26 October and face-to-face in Tunisia on 9 November, with the goal of finding a consensus on the establishment of a new government of transitional unity before national elections on 24 December 2021 can be held.
The composition and duties of the ‘Unified Executive Authority’ was split between the three-member Council of the President and the National Unity Government and the requirements for the selection of key official positions. Despite voting on proposals for a selection process for the next executive, due to its 75 percent majority necessary for any decisions to be made, the LPDF has been unable to avoid impasse to date.The LPDF members came from numerous constituencies and from diverse regional, racial, political, tribal and social backgrounds. The UNSMIL also emphasised its dedication to the active involvement of Libyan women, young people and minorities.
UNSMIL is conducting additional meetings with women and youth groups to foster inclusivity. The LPDF’s female shareholders called for expanded meaningful representation by at least 30 percent of women in united government leadership roles and 20 percent of young people.The LPDF has at least demonstrated its openness to the expansion of political inclusion of women and young people by hearing and considering the suggestions that resulted from these additional consultations, and those supporters have, in turn, sought to use their involvement to call for essential reform.
On the other hand, young people are the revolution that Libya desperately needs. Not only does the political elite care about the need for reconstruction. But also the curriculum of the school, the judicial and labour system. Women and young people will help create a more just, fair, and economy-of-the-art state… for everyone.