The UN is calling for the departure of mercenaries as Libya prepares for a stable political structure
On Tuesday, as the war-torn nation began working towards creating a stable government, the United Nations called for the exit of mercenaries and foreign fighters from Libya by Saturday. The Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, demanded a national agreement from the UN-recognized government (GNA) . To “maintain their resolve to reach a lasting political solution to the conflict, to resolve economic problems and to alleviate the humanitarian situation,” led by Fayez Mustafa al-Sarraj and the opposing powers led by strongman Gen. Khalifa Haftar.
In line with the October 23 ceasefire agreement signed by the warring factions of Libya, which have been at loggerheads since 2014 to demand a maximum of the North African nation’s oil-rich reserves, Guterres’ order came.Guterres welcomed the roadmap adopted by the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum in a report sent to the UN Security Council on Tuesday. The forum consists of 75 member countries that have attempted to create a mutually agreed political process in Libya.To set up an interim government in the country to lead the nation through presidential and parliamentary elections scheduled for Dec. 24, 2021.
Guterres stressed “without delay” the immediate implementation of the cease-fire deal, adding that all parties to the conflict should show “… full and unconditional respect for the arms embargo of the Security Council” against Libya.Russia, France, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) assisted Haftar in the Libyan War, while Turkey and Qatar provided Sarraj with military support. After numerous attempts and interference by foreign powers, both sides eventually agreed to a ceasefire last October, leaving the peace process still in a delicate period.As part of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL), Guterres raised the need for ‘a strong but flexible mandate’ in order to ensure the enforcement of the cease-fire. Officials said that, in late January or early February, the UNSC Resolution Process will be associated.
The next UNSC meeting on the Democratic Process in Libya is scheduled for January 28. To date, the United Kingdom is planning a resolution to be sent to the UN mission, aimed at achieving a supervisory role in peacekeeping in an otherwise volatile African country that has been the target of years of civil war.Guterres indicated the need for the international community to come forward in order to comply with the October cease-fire agreement centred in the strategic city of Sirte, which is a main exit point for major oil fields and export terminals in the region.
He said an advance team would be sent to “provide the basis for a scalable United Nations cease-fire monitoring mechanism based in Sirte” to the capital city of Tripoli.The UN Secretary-General expressed concern about the country’s continuing violence and terrorist attacks, suggesting that reunifying the country’s security institutions will enable Daesh and other terrorist and extremist groups “to mitigate the risk.”Although weakened operationally as a result of a series of counter-terrorism actions, (Daesh)… And al-support Qaida’s network in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) remains a danger in Libya, he said.